BANANA

INTRODUCTION
  • Bananas belong to the Musaceae family, and their scientific name is MUSA.
  • It is grown and cultivated in a few states during the Kharif, Rabi, or both seasons.
  • The banana plant is the largest flowering herbaceous plant on the planet.
  • After wheat, rice, and corn, bananas are the world's fourth most valuable food crop.
  • Bananas come in over a thousand different varieties.
  • The Cavendish banana is the world's most frequently produced and consumed fruit.
  • Potassium and fiber are abundant in bananas.
REQUIREMENTS

Soil - Loamy soil.

Temperature - 10°-40°C.

pH - 5.5-6.5

Rainfall - 1700mm.

Susceptibility - Low pH results in Panama disease.

IRRIGATION
  • The banana, being a water-loving plant, necessitates a huge amount of water to be productive.
  • Banana roots, on the other hand, have a low water removal rate.
  • As a result, in India, banana production should be aided by an effective irrigation system such as drip irrigation.
  • The use of drip irrigation and mulching technology has been shown to increase water efficiency.
  • Drip irrigation saves 56 percent of water while boosting yield by 23-32 percent.
  • Irrigate the plants as soon as possible after they've been planted.
  • Maintain field capacity by applying enough water.
  • Excessive irrigation causes root zone congestion by removing air from soil pores, hindering plant establishment and growth.
  • As a result, drip irrigation is required for proper water management.

FOR IRRIGATION :

Irrigate your field with Bhoomi power, Power Plant Premium, and Root guard.

BHOOMI POWER

4KG/ACRE

Bhoomi Power

 POWER PLANT PREMIUM

1 LITRE/ ACRE   

ROOT GUARD

2 KG/ACRE

HOW TO USE IT?

Use Bhoomi power by following methods.

1. By broadcasting over the field.

2. Use in slurry.

3. Give it in cow dung.

4. you can also give it in dry soil.

Note: Repeat Bhoomi power and Root guard every 3 months.

 

CULTIVATION
  • The banana is a self-renewing perennial plant.
  • Bananas grow from a bulb or rhizome rather than a seed, and it takes 9 to 12 months from planting a banana bulb to harvesting the fruit.
  • Rich, dark, fertile soils with consistent moisture in the air and ground, as well as sufficient drainage, are required by the plants.

PRODUCT RECOMMENDED:

Treat the bulbs of the banana plants with Power Plant Seed Treatment.

       

 

NUTRIENT DEFICIENCY

1. DEFICIENCY OF NITROGEN

Symptoms include poor plant growth, and leaves start turning pale green or yellow because they are unable to make sufficient chlorophyll

              

TREATMENT :                                                                                                                                                             

Use

NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

Use

SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

       

2. DEFICIENCY OF IRON

The primary symptom of iron deficiency is interveinal chlorosis, the development of a yellow leaf with a network of dark green veins.

            

 TREATMENT :

Use Ferric EDTA

0.5-01 gm per litre

of water

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

                  

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

                  

 

3. DEFICIENCY OF POTASSIUM

The plant's overall appearance is wilted or drooping, short internodes, younger leaves' growth is inhibited, and they have small leaf blades.

            

 TREATMENT : 

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

       

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

       

 

4. DEFICIENCY OF MAGNESIUM

The first signs of magnesium deficiency appear on the older lower leaves as magnesium moves towards new growth.

         

 TREATMENT : 

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

      

Use Grow

2 ml per litre

of water

      

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

     

 

5. DEFICIENCY OF MANGANESE

The most common symptom is for leaves to turn pale green between the veins, with normal coloured areas next to the veins.

                            

 TREATMENT :

Use Manganese EDTA

0.5 gm per

litre of water

Use Grow

2 ml per litre

of water

               

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

               

 

6. DEFICIENCY OF SULPHUR

Sulphur-deficient plants often are pale green, yellowish-green to completely yellow.

            

TREATMENT : 

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

      

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

     

 

7. DEFICIENCY OF BORON

Depression of growing points (root tip, bud, flower, and young leaf) and deformity of organs (root, shoot, leaf, and fruit).

             

TREATMENT : 

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

       

 Use BLOOM

2 ml per litre

of water

       

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

      

 

8. DEFICIENCY OF CALCIUM

Calcium deficiency symptoms appear initially as localized tissue necrosis leading to stunted plant growth, necrotic leaf margins on young leaves or curling of the leaves, and eventual death of terminal buds and root tips.

          

TREATMENT :

Use NITROKING

2-3 ml per litre

of water

        

Use BLOOM

2 ml per litre

of water

         

Use SPALL90

1ml per litre

of water

        

 

DISEASES

1.  FUNGAL DISEASE: CONTACT-BASED FUNGAL DISEASE

i)  ANTHRACANOSE LEAF SPOT (Colletotrichum musae)

            

TREATMENT :

Use PPFC

2-3 gm per litre

of water

 

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

                

ii)  LEAF SPOT ( Mycosphaerella musicola)

                

TREATMENT : 

Use PPFC

2-3 gm per litre

of water 

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

               

iii)  BLAST (P. angulate)

            

TREATMENT :

Use PPFC

2-3 gm per litre

of water

     

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

               

                                                                                                                                 

  iv)  LEAF CURLING (Pseudomonas solanacearum)

                 

TREATMENT :

Use PPFC

2-3 gm per litre

of water

  

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

               

 v)  PANAMA DISEASE (Fusarium oxysporum)

             

TREATMENT :

Use PPFC

2-3 gm per litre

of water 

  

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

              

 vi)  Brown Spot (Mycosphaerella fijiensis)

            

TREATMENT :

Use PPFC 2-3 gm per litre of water 
Use SpAll90 1 ml per litre of water            

2. FUNGAL DISEASE: SYSTEMIC-BASED FUNGAL DISEASE

  i) Peduncle Rot ( Colletotrichummusae)

                    

TREATMENT :

Use Fungohit

2-3ml per litre

of water

           

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

  ii) Pestalotispsis Leaf Rot ( Pestalotiopsis palmarum)

                 

TREATMENT :

Use Fungohit

2-3ml per litre

of water 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

       

iii) Black Root Rot ( Pectobacterium carotovorum)

             

TREATMENT :

Use Fungohit

2-3ml per litre

of water 

 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

 

       

3. VIRUS

i) Bunchy Top Banana

            

TREATMENT :

Use Virohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

        

Use virosol

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

        

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

          

ii) Banana Bract Virus

                

TREATMENT :

 

Use Virohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

        

Use virosol

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

        

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

          

iii) Banana Streak Virus 

            

TREATMENT :

Use Virohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

        

Use virosol

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

        

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

          

4. PEST : CHEWING PEST

i) Cutworm (Dark Sword- Grass)

      

TREATMENT :

Use Pestohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

ii) Banana Wevil (Cosmopolites sordidus)

      

TREATMENT :

Use Pestohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

iv) Banana Skipper

            

TREATMENT :

Use Pestohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

v) Caterpillar ( Lepidoptera)

      

TREATMENT :

Use Pestohit

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water 

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

5.  PEST: SUCKING PEST

i) Aphid

         

TREATMENT :

 Use Orgomite

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

ii) Lady Bug Bettle ( Coccinellidae)

      

TREATMENT :

 Use Orgomite

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water

           

iii) Fruit Rust Thrip

            

TREATMENT :

 Use Orgomite

2-3 ml per litre

of water

          

Use PPNP

1 ml per litre

of water

         

Use SpAll90

1 ml per litre

of water