• Carrot is a member of the family Apiaceae.
  • Carrot is one of the most important root vegetables.
  • It is a rich source of alpha and beta carotene.
  • Uttarpradesh has maximum production, Bihar has the highest area of carrots in India.
  • It is a biennial plant.

• Soil- Carrot required deep, loose loamy soils. 

• pH- pH of the soil should be in the range of 5.5 to 7 (a pH of 6.5 is ideal for good yield).

• Temperature- Carrots grow best in temperatures between 16°-20°C.

• Climate- Cold weather crop, and it also does well in warm climates.


  • Applying first irrigation after sowing will aid in germination.
  • Irrigation should be done every five days.
  • Apply remaining irrigations at intervals of 6-7 days in summer and 10-12 days in winter, depending on soil type and climate.
  • Carrots required 3-4 irrigations in total.
  • Stop irrigation 2-3 weeks before harvesting to help the carrots become sweeter and more flavorful.
  • Beds should be covered with moist gunny bags after irrigation in the evening.
  • Prior to planting, thoroughly water the area.
  • 4 seeds per 2cm, direct sow the small seeds 5mm (14") deep.
  • Carrots are harvested in August in the plains.


  • Rows are indicated with a 25-to-30-centimeter space between them. Seeds should be blended with sand at a ratio of one part seed to four parts sand.
  • Hills should be thinned to a depth of 10cm between plants.

Plains: The distance between plants should be 5cm.