- Carrot is a member of the family Apiaceae.
- Carrot is one of the most important root vegetables.
- It is a rich source of alpha and beta carotene.
- Uttarpradesh has maximum production, Bihar has the highest area of carrots in India.
- It is a biennial plant.
• Soil- Carrot required deep, loose loamy soils.
• pH- pH of the soil should be in the range of 5.5 to 7 (a pH of 6.5 is ideal for good yield).
• Temperature- Carrots grow best in temperatures between 16°-20°C.
• Climate- Cold weather crop, and it also does well in warm climates.
- Applying first irrigation after sowing will aid in germination.
- Irrigation should be done every five days.
- Apply remaining irrigations at intervals of 6-7 days in summer and 10-12 days in winter, depending on soil type and climate.
- Carrots required 3-4 irrigations in total.
- Stop irrigation 2-3 weeks before harvesting to help the carrots become sweeter and more flavorful.
- Beds should be covered with moist gunny bags after irrigation in the evening.
- Prior to planting, thoroughly water the area.
- 4 seeds per 2cm, direct sow the small seeds 5mm (14") deep.
- Carrots are harvested in August in the plains.
- Rows are indicated with a 25-to-30-centimeter space between them. Seeds should be blended with sand at a ratio of one part seed to four parts sand.
- Hills should be thinned to a depth of 10cm between plants.
Plains: The distance between plants should be 5cm.