• Capsicum, often known as sweet pepper, bell pepper, or Shimla Mirch, is a popular vegetable in India.
  • They belong to the Solanaceae family and are perennial herbaceous plants.
  • It reaches a maximum height of 75 cm. It bears little white or purple flowers with white or purple petals.
  • Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, and Potassium are abundant in this fruit. 
  • Capsicum is a cool-season crop, but it may be grown year-round in covered structures with controlled temperature and relative humidity (RH).
  • Soil- Clayey to loamy soil.
  • pH- 6-7. 
  • Temperature- 21°-25°C.
  • Rainfall- 625-1500mm.
  • Climate- Capsicum is a cool-season crop.
  • Immediately after seeding, light irrigation is applied.
  • Irrigation every week or every ten days
  • Then, shortly after transplanting, the next irrigation is supplied, and then, if needed, later irrigation is administered.
  • Irrigation is required at regular intervals in dry and semi-arid zones.
  • On the raised beds, sow capsicum seedlings in two rows.
  • Capsicum planting can also be done on a raised bed with plastic mulch to conserve water and prevent weed growth.
  • Every day, water the seedlings with a rose can until they are fully established.