- Brinjal is a member of the Solanaceae family with the scientific name Solanum melongena.
- It is planted in the months of July and August and harvested in the months of November and December.
- Its fruit is nutrient-dense and typically eaten as a vegetable.
- Traditional medicine uses the fruit and other components of the plant.
• Soil- All types of soil varying from light sandy to heavy clay.
• pH- 5.5 to 6.6.
• Temperature- 13º-21ºC.
• Rainfall- Annual rainfall between 600-1000 mm.
• Cultivation- The seedlings are ready in 4-5 weeks for transplanting when they attained a height of 12-15 cm with 3-to 4 leaves.
• Susceptibility- Brinjal cannot tolerate frost weather.
- Water the field according to the crop's requirements.
- For healthy growth, flowering, fruit set, and fruit development, timely irrigation is critical.
- With the right moisture level and soil fertility, you can have a higher yield.
- Irrigation should be administered every third to fourth day in the summer and every seven to twelve days in the winter in the plains.
- If there is no rain, irrigation is used before top dressing.
- Irrigate the brinjal field on a regular basis to keep the soil moist on frigid days.
- A 3 m long, 1.0 m wide, and 0.15 m high block is being prepared. If the nursery beds haven't been treated yet.
- Plant the seeds 1 cm deep and 5 cm apart in rows. Cover the seeds with well-rotted manure and fine soil mixture and gently push them down.
- The Wheat husk or clean dry grass can be used to cover the beds.
- After the seeds have germinated, remove the water husk or dry grass.
- Because of the cold temperatures in November and January, seed germination and plant growth in the nursery is slow.
- When the seedlings reach a height of 12-15 cm and have 3-to-4 leaves, they are suitable for transplantation in 4-5 weeks.