• Mango are a member of the family Anacardiaceae.
  • Mango is the national fruit of India.
  • Mango is a sweet tropical fruit as well as the name of the trees that produce it.
  • Mango ranks first position in all fruit crops and occupies 43% area of total area under fruit crops in India.
  • The availability of rain or artificial irrigation during important phases of tree growth and fruit development is critical to the success of mango plantations.

Soil - Ideal soil for mango is red loamy.

• pH-  6.5-8.0

• Climate - warm weather

• Temperature- Mango prefers a warmer climate with an acceptable temperature range being between 23º- 26º C.

•Rainfall - 890-1,015 mm in a year


  • Irrigation intervals are determined by the age of the tree, the soil, and the environment.
  • The interval should be 2 to 6 days for the first six months after planting, weekly for 6 to 12 months old plants, and 7 to 20 days until the plants reach bearing age.
  • The frequency of irrigation in light soils is higher than in heavy soils.
  • For 30 days before flowering season, avoid irrigation and fertigation to induce stress.
  • Grafting can be done in the months of March and April, as well as in the months of August and September.
  • During the summer, the pits are dug and filled with 20-25 kg of well-rotten farm-yard manure and garden soil.
  • The planting distance varies according to the cultivator. However, in all directions, an 8-10 m gap is recommended.
  • Slit the hard husk of a fresh mango pit. Remove the seed from the inside and place it in a large pot with seed starter mix.
  • Place the seed in a 14-inch hole.
  • Irrigate the young fruit plants that have just been planted.