Ginger belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family.

It is the second most important bulb crop after onion

It is an herbaceous perennial plant and important spice crop of the world.
The garlic bulb is a multiple or compound bulb consisting of small bulb or bulblets popularly called as cloves.
 Garlic has a very strong smell and taste and is used in cooking.

Soil-  Well drained loamy soils, rich in humus, with fairly good content of potash. 

Temperature- 13 to 24°C

pH- 6.0 and 7.0.

Rainfall- 1000 to 1300 mm



Garlic being a very shallow-rooted bulbcrop needs frequent irrigation.

It is very sensitive to moisture stress particularly during bulb initiation and bulb development.

Garlic crop should be irrigated immediately after planting and subsequently at 7-10 days interval depending upon the soil moisture.

In general, kharif crop needs 5-8 irrigations and rabi crop 12-13 irrigations.

Irrigation needs to be stopped when the crop attains maturity (10-15 days before harvest).

Excess irrigation is always harmful and dry spell followed by irrigation will result in the splitting of the outer scales in garlic.


Plough the land to a fine tilth and form ridges and furrows at 30 cm spacing or beds of convenient sizes.

Cloves are planted at 15 x 10 cm spacing.

 It requires short days, cool (12–18 °C) moist period during vegetative growth.

A well drained friable soil rich in organic matter with a pH range of 6 – 7 is ideal.

Extreme acidic soils as well as heavy soils are not suited for this crop.

In hilly areas it is grown in two seasons.
1st season: June – July
2nd season: October – November