- Coffee is traditionally farmed in Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu in India.
- Coffee production is quickly rising in unconventional areas of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, as well as in the North-Eastern states.
- Coffee is primarily an export commodity, with 65% to 70% of the crop exported and the remainder eaten domestically.
- Soil- deep sandy loam.
- pH- 4.9–5.6.
- Temperature- 18°C–21°C.
- Rainfall- 100-200 cm annually.
Irrigation depends on the weather, the soils water holding capacity and the development stage of the crop.
For optimal results, you should irrigate your coffee every 1 to 3 days.
It is generally grown as a rainfed crop.
But irrigation with sprinkler during March - April increases blossoming and results in higher yields.
Seeds are sown in December - January in the bed 1.5 - 2.5 cm apart.
Terracing should be done in deep slopy areas.
After the summer showers, pits of 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm are dug at 1.25 - 2.5 m apart.
The pits are left open for weathering and then filled and heaped for planting.