- Coconut is a tropical fruit plant that is widely grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.
- Though inconsistent, the origin is thought to be in South Asia, specifically Malaysia.
- Coconut palms are planted along India's coastal area.
- Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu take the lead, followed by Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa.
- Every portion of the coconut palm can be used by humans.
- It provides us with food, fuel, drink, oil, and shelter.
- Soil- laterite, alluvial, red sandy loam.
- pH- 5.2 to 8.0.
- Temperature- 27ºC.
- Rainfall- 1000 mm to 3000 mm.
- Climate- Coconut is a tropical crop and grows well in a hot climate.
- During the summer, irrigate the palms in basins around the palm.
- The amount of water needed depends on the soil type and weather conditions.
- A mature palm requires 600 to 800 liters of water every four to seven days on average.
- Irrigate seedlings and young palms with seawater for the first two years.
- The greatest technique of irrigation for coconut is drip irrigation.
- Coconut is propagated through seedlings raised from selected seednuts.
- Generally 9 to 12 month old seedlings are used for planting.
- Select seedlings, which have 6-8 leaves and 10-12 cm collar girth when they are 9-12 month old.
- Early splitting of leaves is another criteria in the selection of coconut seedling.