• Coconut is a tropical fruit plant that is widely grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.
  • Though inconsistent, the origin is thought to be in South Asia, specifically Malaysia.
  • Coconut palms are planted along India's coastal area.
  • Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu take the lead, followed by Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa.
  • Every portion of the coconut palm can be used by humans.
  • It provides us with food, fuel, drink, oil, and shelter.
  • Soil- laterite, alluvial, red sandy loam.
  • pH- 5.2 to 8.0.
  • Temperature- 27ºC.
  • Rainfall- 1000 mm to 3000 mm.
  • Climate- Coconut is a tropical crop and grows well in a hot climate.


  • During the summer, irrigate the palms in basins around the palm.
  • The amount of water needed depends on the soil type and weather conditions.
  • A mature palm requires 600 to 800 liters of water every four to seven days on average.
  • Irrigate seedlings and young palms with seawater for the first two years.
  • The greatest technique of irrigation for coconut is drip irrigation.
  • Coconut is propagated through seedlings raised from selected seednuts.
  • Generally 9 to 12 month old seedlings are used for planting.
  • Select seedlings, which have 6-8 leaves and 10-12 cm collar girth when they are 9-12 month old.
  • Early splitting of leaves is another criteria in the selection of coconut seedling.